The queen of the bumble bees is the most powerful animal. She is the only one to survive the winter and also provides a completely new colony of bumble bees on her own. Many people find these unpleasant animals, but they can be very important for flower and fruit growers.
The appearance of a bumblebee
Just like many other animals, bumblebees consist of three major parts: a head, the breastpiece and the abdomen. On the head there is one pair of feelers and each bumblebee also has one pair of facet eyes. Three pairs of articulated legs and two pairs of dirty wings are attached to the breast piece. These wings can reach up to 200 beats per minute. As a result, you also hear a buzzing sound when a bumblebee comes near you. You see veins running in the wings. These are not blood vessels, but tubes filled with air. The abdomen consists of sliding rings and chitin reinforces the armor of the bumblebee.
Bumblebees are cold-blooded animals. Their temperature always fluctuates depending on that of the environment. Because the bumblebee has a thick fur, the animal can keep itself warm. The energy-rich food - such as sugar-rich nectar - is also very important for this. In the summer their body temperature can rise to around thirty degrees Celsius. Most bumblebees die during the first cold. Only the strong queens survive. It is they who then take care of colonies of bumblebees again next year.
The emergence of a new colony
The queens are looking for a dry place to get through the winter. There they wait until March. Then the queen comes out of her winter home and tries to eat as much as possible. After two weeks, she is looking for a suitable place to expand her colony. She puts a supply of honey on it and then produces a kind of nugget of bread, pollen and wax. The queen then lays an egg in each heap. After five days the eggs hatch and another ten to twenty days later the larvae spin a cocoon in which they pupate. Occasionally the larvae need to get something to eat and then a hole is made in that cocoon. Two weeks later, a maid comes from every cocoon. From now on they have to take care of the food and therefore constantly supplement the honey pot. The remaining cocoons are also filled with food. From then on the queen only lays eggs. That number can go up to 500. When the colony is at its peak, males and new queens are born. After that the colony quickly decays.
Bumblebees can also sting
Just like bees and wasps, bumblebees can also sting. Yet there is a big difference between bees and bumble bees. Because there are barbs on the sting of a bee, they lose their sting when they prick someone. In addition, their entrails are pulled along, causing the animals to die after a stab. This is not the case with bumble bees and wasps. The animals are in the first place a lot less aggressive, but when they do attack someone they will not let their lives down. The sting of both animal species is smooth, so that both bumble bees and wasps come out of the adventure intact.
Scientific name: Bombus terrestris
Lifespan: three months to one year
Food: nectar, pollen ...
The bumblebee is the most common bumblebee in our region
Other species that often occur here are the bumblebee, garden bumblebee, meadow bumblebee and field bumblebee
Solitary bumble bees that do not build a colony. The female lays only a few eggs and does not expand her nest afterwards
A bumblebee has a tongue trunk to extract nectar from the flowers
Video: Cuphead : How to Beat Bee Boss (February 2020).
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