Types of milk: difference in full, semi-skimmed or skimmed milk

Milk (drinking) is good for everyone. This common phrase is true, but it can be different for certain people. Milk is packed with good nutrients and therefore has a positive effect on health. Dairy products are an important source of protein. In addition, it also contains vitamins A, B2, B3, B12 and D. The presence of potassium and calcium is also important for the human system. The disadvantage of milk is that it contains a lot of saturated fats. This means that the full milk type does not really fit in a slimming course. As a consumer you have the choice and it is advisable to make a good difference between full, semi-skimmed or skimmed milk. The consumer decides for himself which type of milk he prefers. The taste of the three varieties is also slightly different each time. Cow's milk and goat's milk are the most common type of milk for consumption. However, in the supermarkets you can mainly find cow's milk.
The most common milk in Western consumption comes from the cow. / Source: Capri23auto, Pixabay

What is milk?

Milk is produced by mammals and is known worldwide as a means of consumption. Milk is composed of water, fats, proteins, lactose and salts. Cow's milk and goat's milk are most commonly used in the food industry. Animals are milked (industrially or by hand) and the milk produced goes to the dairy factories. In these milk factories, the milk is processed into a finished product, so that the consumer can easily purchase it in a pack or bottle in his beloved supermarket. It is also possible that you will buy fresh milk directly at the farm. Milk is known around the world and every child has drunk milk in his baby days. Milk is therefore nutritious and a highly recommended product in the development of babies and children. It is therefore impossible to imagine the dietary pattern in Western society. In addition to cow milk and goat milk, there is also sheep milk, buffalo milk or camel milk. However, these types of milk are very rare in practice as a means of consumption.

Drinking milk is good for your health

Milk has many health benefits. Milk contains proteins and is also a major source of vitamins B2, B3, B12 and D. Calcium and vitamin D are important for healthy bone development and reduce the risk of bone fractures. There are quite a few saturated fats in milk that are unhealthy for humans. Saturated fats provide an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Adjusting your diet with a less fatty milk can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Nutrition experts recommend using milk products every day. In addition to milk, this can also be cheese, yogurt or other dairy products. Milk is generally a healthy food source. Milk consumption can cause problems in a certain group of people. These people suffer from cow's milk allergy or lactose intolerance in such cases.

Types of milk: difference in whole milk, semi-skimmed milk and skimmed milk

Milk is available in the supermarket as whole, semi-skimmed or skimmed milk. The difference in name has to do with the fat percentage in the milk. Skimmed milk contains the lowest fat percentage and whole milk the highest fat percentage. The semi-skimmed milk is situated between them. Whole milk contains more saturated fat than the skimmed or semi-skimmed version. The fat in the cow's milk contains more than 60% saturated fat. In the case of cows that receive grass or where oil is added to the cattle feed, the fat content in the milk increases. The fat is extracted from the milk in the factory. The fat content will be adjusted depending on the type of milk (full, half-full or lean). The legislation determines the fat content of milk, depending on the type of milk.
  • Full Milk may contain 3.5% fat.
  • Semi-skimmed milk has a fat content of at least 1.5% and at most 1.8%.
  • Skim milk contains less than 0.5% fat.
Milk is a highly recommended food product unless you are allergic. / Source: Couleur, Pixabay

Drinking milk: skimmed and semi-skimmed milk is preferred for health

In the three types of milk - whole, semi-skimmed or skimmed milk - the amounts of proteins, vitamins A, B2, B3, B12, D and the minerals calcium and potassium are the same. The Supreme Health Council regards semi-skimmed and skimmed milk as the optimum food choice (Document of the Supreme Health Council - page 22). These two types of milk contain fewer saturated fats than whole milk. Consequently, they are therefore less harmful to health.

Certain food experts also recommend whole milk

In certain cases, nutrition experts and dietitians claim that whole milk is the best choice. The vitamins that are present in whole milk are absorbed by fat. The vitamins, together with the fat, end up in the body, so that they are better absorbed and digested by the body. Semi-skimmed and certainly skimmed milk contains almost no fat. This means that the essential nutrients in the milk are absorbed little or not at all into the body. Because of the maximum absorption of the nutrients in the fat, nutrition experts recommend choosing whole milk. However, this is a deviation from the general rule of the Supreme Health Council. This organization first and foremost states that skimmed and semi-skimmed milk is the optimum food choice.

Milk during a slimming diet

Milk contains important minerals, which also ensure that you will lose weight faster. An Israeli study has shown that with a daily consumption of 350 ml of milk one will lose weight faster than if you would consume no milk at all. If you really want to lose weight, then you better choose the lean or the half-full version. These variants are still better than whole milk. The largest amount of saturated fats is in whole milk.

What if you don't like milk?

Enjoying no milk is absolutely no problem. The rule is to consume enough dairy daily. By dairy is meant: all types of milk, products such as yogurt and all types of cheese products. Dairy contains calcium that keeps the bones strong. So if you consume enough yogurt and cheese instead of milk, there is absolutely no problem. Adults are recommended to take around 1000 to 1200 milligrams of calcium daily.

Video: Whole vs. Skim: Which Milk Is Better For You? (February 2020).

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